Most of the frameworks use MVC principle, but there are frameworks that use other principles such as MVP, MVVM, and others.
Angular.js was released in 2009 by Google, and no one would have guessed that it will become so popular in the near future. Angular.js gives the power in the hands of the programmer and lets them build single page web apps.
The creation of single page web apps is aided by so-called directives. Directives help to add reusable code to the application and provides the necessary functionalities to add dynamic functionalities to the web application. DOM manipulation is easy, and you can easily add behavior and CSS to the HTML DOM elements.
Backbone.js is extremely popular framework can act as the base of a complex web project easily. It provides tools such as model building using key-value binding, tons of enumerable objects with usable API and much more.
With the core of the web application set, you can use other frameworks on top of it. The main feature of Backbone.js is its ability to be used in other big projects. The small size also helps the cause and brings the right mix of performance and functionality.
Why Front-end? Becuase it can easily used to create the UI part of your project. In simple words, it acts as the V in MVC. The magic is achieved by using a virtual DOM and it can also be rendered on the server side with the help of the node.js.
The front-end component can easily be made interactive with React.js and big companies such as Facebook and Instagram use it to their advantage.
With only 2 years of age, the framework is making news already and can be your UI framework for creating interactive and powerful web application.
The community continuously improves the framework by contributing to the core of the application. Another reason for its success is its modular design, which enables developers and contributors to tickle through different sections of the framework.
The framework can be used to create real-time web applications with emphasis to almost all the phases of development including backend, frontend, database and business logic.
With 3 years of development, it uses two main mechanics to pull up things. The first being the two-way binding method that Angular.js uses. The two-way binding method makes sure that nothing goes out of sync. In short, if there is a change in the view, then the equivalent change will be reflected in the model and vice-versa.
Another module that makes Ember.js irresistible is the fastboot.js module. The fastboot.js module works similar to react.js ability to render DOM on the server side. This way, complex UI can easily be rendered on the server side, and served to the client side for fast rendering.
These two major features really brings the power to the Ember.js applications. Scalability is less of an issue, and you can easily get the most out from the framework. It is also easy to learn and there are tons of learning material available online.
Polymer.js is new and is released by Google in the year 2013. The framework offers web components — the ability to create them and extend the already existing HTML web components.
In 2015, they released a stable production ready 1.0. It is not as popular as other frameworks, but surely useful for many projects out there.
With only 5 months of age, Aurelia is the new kid on the blog. With a professional team backing up the project, the framework production version is already out.
The framework takes the hints from Angular 1 or 2 and uses them to create something power we have not seen. The architectural design is also modular and offers great control over the framework.
Surely, a framework to watch out in 2016.
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