There are lots programming languages out there and each works to do specific and unique tasks.
Each language has a unique set of keywords and special syntaxes for organizing program commands.
In today’s article, we’re going to take a look at the three popular languages: PHP vs Rubyvs Python. We will check how they work, how they differ from each other, who uses them and how popular each language is.
At the end of this article, you will have the idea which one to learn and which the best option for each specific task is.
PHP: Most Popular Scripting Language for the Web
PHP (Hypertext PreProcessor) is a server scripting language designed by Rasmus Lerdorf, a powerful tool to create dynamic and interactive websites. It is fast, flexible, widely-used scripting language for everything from a simple blog to the most popular and dynamic websites in the world.
If you want to learn PHP and WordPress we actually have a course released where in 9 hours you will learn how to build site from scratch into responsive, flat WordPress website.
Advantages of PHP
Free software released under the PHP license
Easy to learn (Short learning curve)
Large community of users and developers
Provides extensive database support
Offers great number of available extensions and source codes
Allows execution of code in restricted environments
Offers native session management and extension API
A great alternative for competitors like Microsoft’s ASP (Active Server Pages)
Can be deployed on most web servers
Works on almost every operating system and platform
Disadvantages of PHP
Not suitable for making desktop applications
Error handling is traditionally poor
Global configuration parameters can change language semantics, complicating deployment and portability
Objects are CallByValue by default, which is the opposite of most languages and catches lots of programmers off-guard
Generally considered to be less secured than the other programming languages
Who Uses PHP?
According to Wikipedia, as of January 2013, PHP was installed on more than 240 million websites (39% of those sampled) and 2.1 million web servers.
A PHP script starts with < ?php and ends with ?> The default file extension for PHP files is “.php”. A PHP file usually contains HTML tags, and some PHP scripting code.
Python: General Purpose Programming Language
Python is a widely-used high level (but it also used in a wide range of non-scripting language) design for programmers to express concepts with fewer lines of code. It was conceived in the late 1980s and was implemented by Guido van Rossum.
Python code resembles the pseudo-code just like all the scripting languages. The elegant design and syntax rules of this programming language make it quite readable even among the multi-programmer development teams. It supports multiple ways of building the structure and elements of computer programs, including object-oriented and functional programming.
Advantages of Python
Easy and quick to learn
Runs in multiple systems and platforms
Readable and organized syntax
Offers rapid prototyping and dynamic semantics capabilities
Great community support
Easily construct applications by testing and importing crucial functions
Reusability through carefully implementing packages and modules
Object Oriented Programming-driven
Disadvantages of Python
It doesn’t really do multi-processor/multi-core work very well
Smaller pool of Python developers compared to other languages, such as Java
Absence of a commercial support point, even for an Open Source project (though this situation is changing)
Database access layer limitations
Reputed to be slower than languages such as Java
Who uses Python?
Linux Weekly News
According to Wikipedia, since 2008, Python has consistently ranked in the top eight most popular programming languages as measured by the TIOBE Programming Community Index. It is the third most popular language whose grammatical syntax is not predominantly based on C, e.g. C++, C#, Objective-C, Java.
Based on Jobs Tractor which analyzed more than 45,000 developer jobs advertised on Twitter during the past 12 months, the results are the following:
PHP – 8,238
Ruby – 2,937
Python – 1,587
Although PHP still has the higher statistics on this site, remember not to use statistics as the basis for learning or using a programming language.
Ruby: Interpreted, Pure Object-Oriented Programming Language
Ruby (programming language) runs with Ruby on Rails or simply rails, an open source, full-stack web application framework. It is a dynamic, imperative object-oriented programming language developed by Yukihiro Matsumoto in Japan. It was influenced by Perl, Eiffel andSmalltalk. It a has dynamic type system and automatic memory management.
Advantages of Ruby
Works on multiple platforms
Can be embedded into Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
A Very High-Level Language (VHLL)
Offers encapsulation of data methods within objects
Pure OOP (Object-Oriented Programming)
Super advanced string and text manipulation techniques
Can easily be connected to DB2, MySQL, Oracle, and Sybase
Scalable and big programs written in Ruby are easily maintainable
Has a clean and easy syntax that allows the new developer to learn Ruby very quickly and easily
Ability to write multi-threaded applications with a simple API
Offers advanced array class
Able to write external libraries in Ruby or C
Allows “reserved word” to be used as an identifier as long as the parser doesn’t perceive an ambiguity
Better security features
It has a debugger
It has flexible syntax
Powerful string handling
Disadvantages of Ruby
Learning it can be difficult
Lacks informational resources
Slower processing time (CPU time) compared to other programming languages
Development and updates are slower
Who uses Ruby?
According to the Ruby website, it is ranked among the top 10 on most popular programming languages worldwide (such as the TIOBE index). Much of the growth is attributed to the popularity of software written in Ruby, particularly the Ruby on Rails web framework.
So Which Is the Best Programming Language to Use and Learn?
The answer you’ll have from the most of the programmers is: “You can do everything with all of them”. All of them are good options. There is no real good or bad answer. It always depends on what you want to accomplish.
If you take a step to learn a programming language, chances are, you will use built-in frameworks to use for your projects. Basically, a web framework makes it easier for you to develop your application. Most sites have a common set of functionality (like handling sessions and data validation) and a framework is something that prevents you from re-writing this each time you create a website.
PHP has several number of developed CMS frameworks available if you already dived in learning it. The most popular PHP CMS are WordPress, Joomla, and Drupal with most of them having loads of plugins. You can write new ones easily with a few days of patience and going through the tutorials.
There are others that are quite good too, but using the popular ones increases your probability of finding support quickly or finding that plugin you might need. For Python, there is the Django and CherryPy web framework, which give you quite a good tool kit.
If you go for Ruby, I think you’ll be a bit more limited (since that the language is newer) but the its basic framework is Rails. You also need to consider which language offers the best support so that you can find answers quickly in case you encounter problems with your codes.
PHP is the best language for creating HTML pages
Python is a general purpose programming language. It can be used to build almost anything from web apps, crawlers, daemons and desktop GUI applications.
Ruby is best at creating web application of data entities quickly so that you can focus on the special functionality rather than on the query operations: insert, update and delete.
And that’s it. Hope you had an overview about which programming language to learn.
If you want to read what programming languages we at 1stWebDesigner recommend for you to learn, read this article.