top of page

Encrypting MySQL's DB

AES Encryption

Sometimes clients want that the information they collected from the user should be encrypted and stored in database. Data encryption and decryption is a common technique for secured data. In this article I’ll show how could you use mysql’s built in function to encrypt and decrypt data.

Suppose you’ve a table where you want to encrypt user’s name & address. So look below the structure of the table. In this table we will store name and address as encrypted.

To encrypt & decrypt mysql data we will use AES_ENCRYPT() and AES_DECRYPT() functions. These functions used the official AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) algorithm & encode data with a 128-bit key length. 128 bits is much faster and secure enough for most purposes.

Why we used VARBINARY data type instead of VARCHAR:

Because AES_ENCRYPT() encrypts a string and returns a binary string. AES_DECRYPT() decrypts the encrypted string and returns the original string.

AES is a block-level algorithm. So when data encrypted it is padded. So you can calculate the length of the result string using this formula:

1. 16 × (trunc(string_length / 16) + 1)

So if your address field structure is = VARCHAR(100) ; //100 length of varchar Then before your encryption it should be converted = 16 * (trunc(100/ 16) + 1) = 16 * (6.25 + 1) = 16 * 7.25 = 116

So VARCHAR(100) should be converted to VARBINARY(116) minimum. I suggest use little more like VARBINARY(150) in this case.

Because if AES_DECRYPT() detects invalid data or incorrect padding, it will return NULL. But it is also possible for AES_DECRYPT() to return a non-NULL value (possibly garbage) if the input data or the key is invalid.

Syntax:

1| AES_ENCRYPT(str, key_str);

2| AES_DECRYPT(crypt_str,key_str);

Please remember, the encryption and decryption will occur based on a key. So you’ve to keep that key in a secret place and using variable you could pass the key to mysql to encry

pt and decrypt data.

Now look how I insert data using AES_ENCRYPT, where I used key ‘usa2010’ :

INSERT into user (first_name, address) VALUES (AES_ENCRYPT('Obama', 'usa2010'),AES_ENCRYPT('Obama', 'usa2010'));

Now look how I decrypt data using AES_DECRYPT:

SELECT AES_DECRYPT(first_name, 'usa2010'), AES_DECRYPT(address, 'usa2010') from user;

AES_ENCRYPT() and AES_DECRYPT() can be considered the most cryptographically secure encryption functions currently available in MySQL.

Comentarios


Recent Posts 
Serach By Tags
No tags yet.
bottom of page